IFITIS Research Programme on « Full Movement beyond Control and the Law »

Supported by Institut Universitaire de France (IUF)  – Senior Project (2016/2021)

Hosted by GREDEG, CNRS, UNS, UCA, France

The purpose of the IFITIS research is to bring into the law a new legal approach in order to deal with phenomena provoked by humans and called « full movement beyond control » (persons, data, capital, waste).

General presentation of the original project (October 2015 – 13 pages): 

Temporary state of the research (November 2018/December 2017):

Short outreach presentations (April-June-November-December 2017):

Video – Public presentation (March 2018):

Latest newsletter:

Next Steps of the Research Programme:

  • Call for papers – The Meaning of Economic Freedoms of Movement – Appel à contributions – Le sens des libertés économiques de circulation – Nice – Deadline January 31, 2019 – Date limite 31 janvier 2019 – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=24127
  • Article on: « Dépasser le discours sur la circulation : dialogue entre une économiste et un juriste à propos de deux avis (2/15 et 3/15) de la Cour de justice (UE) » in edited book on: Les Libertés de circulation au-delà de l’économie, Editions mare & martin, à paraître – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23972
  • Article on: « Full Movement Beyond Control and Environmental Governance: Taking Silent Risk Seriously » in edited book on: Comparative Environmental Taxation & Regulation in the Framework of the Right to Sustainable Development – Thomson Reuters, to be published – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23850
  • Article on: « Phénomènes de masse et droit des données » (en coll. D. Le Metayer), Comm. Comm. Elec. 2018, to be published – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23762
  • Closed Workshop in Nice – Global Approach of « Space of Flows » – with the participation of B. Bowling (King’s College), G. Taupiac-Nouvel (U. Pau-Bayonne) – October 2018 – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23944
  • International Conference in Ottawa (CCIL-CCDI) – presentation on « Crossing Borders, the Illusion of Control and International Law » – November 2018 – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23928
  • Closed meetings in Montréal (McGill U.) on « Approche épistémologique des flux (Migration, Libre échange, Droit comparé) » with F. Crépeau, A. de Mestral and V. Forray – November 2018 – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=24110
  • Conference in Québec (U. Laval) on « Le discours du droit européen et international sur les circulations : de quoi parle-t-on ? » with O. Delas, Ch.-E. Côté, S. Guillemard, V. Guèvremont, J. Grignon, G. Azzaria – November 2018 – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=24114
  • Closed meeting in Nice – GREDEG – Discussion animée sur le thème : « Qu’est-ce que le droit, l’économie et la gestion ont à dire sur le sens de… ? » – December 2018
  • Closed Workshop in Nice – Approche pluridisciplinaire de la globalisation – Prendre les phénomènes de circulation au sérieux ! –  A.L. Pastore Schritzmeyer (USP – Anthropologie), Ch. Rinaudon (UCA – Sociologie) et J.-S. Bergé (UCA – Droit) en partenariat avec la MSHS (UCA) – Winter 2018/2019
  • Closed Workshop in Nice – Multidisciplinary Approach of Globalization: Practices of Global Lawyer and Circulation of Legal Models in Brazil – with the participation of J.G. Assis de Almeida (UERJ – Law)  – Winter 2018/2019
  • International and Multidisciplinary Workshop in Nice – Annual Doctoral Study Day – The Meaning of Economic Freedom of Movement / Le sens des libertés économiques de circulation – Nice (UNS – UCA – GREDEG – Ecole de droit économique – ED DESPEG – AIDE), 23 and 24 May 2019 – in progress
  • Articles in progress (Law & Economics : Flows of Capital beyond Control ; Law (Critical Study) : Free Movement in EU Law: Myth or Reality? ; Law & History: Flows and History of International Law)
  • Books in progress: « Les situations en mouvement et le droit » (Dalloz – coll. Méthodes du droit – 2020) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22473 – L’illusion du contrôle (Outreach Essay – 2021)

Previous Steps of the Research Programme

Former newsletters:

Summary of the Research:

The purpose of the IFITIS research is to bring into the law a new legal approach in order to deal with the phenomenon provoked by human and called « full movement beyond control ».

Movement : persons (individuals or legal entities), goods (tangible or intangible, and more widely, services and capital) move within territories and between different territories. This movement has reached unprecedented dimension in recent times (notably for migrant, data, waste, capital) : the speed, diversity and often significant volume of flow have reached levels as yet unparalleled. Full : the movement of persons, goods, services and capital has a « full » dimension in that it engages the attention and action of all the public and private operators (States, companies, citizens) at local, national or international level, who contribute to the phenomenon in whole or in part, voluntarily or involuntarily. Beyond control : movement has an « uncontrollable » dimension in the sense that in specific or short-term situations, like those of crisis, operators, and particularly those with responsibility for such movement, do not have full control over it.

This movement beyond control results in the creation of positive and negative, legal and illegal channels within a particular sphere, making it almost possible for the operators to work together to contain it. Full movement beyond control is experiencing a paradoxical surge. More often than not, its existence is denied by those who claim to have the power to control it. However, it is putting existing frontiers at risk while simultaneously creating new ones. It is often backed up by a public whose collective conscience is shaped by a hope that regaining control is still a possibility.

By employing a multidisciplinary (Social sciences – Sciences) and comparative (Europe, Brazil, Canada) approach, this research seeks to identify a new legal concept capable of specific legal treatment and competent to take in hand the particular issues raised by the phenomenon and the legitimate expectations it may create.

Presentation of the Research Programme Holder:

Jean-Sylvestre Bergé, Phd in Law (Paris 1995), lecturer (Paris 1996), professor (Rouen 1997, Nanterre 2001, Lyon 2011, IUF 2016-2021, Nice 2018),  author of several monographs and numerous articles (in French, English and Spanish), senior management positions for research groups (JE, EA and GDR CNRS), graduate schools (Normandy – Nanterre), national and international diplomas (Rouen, Nanterre and Lyon), as University vice-president (Lyon), director of the international relations department, pilot of four international research programmes (ACI (formerly ANR) – Jean Monnet (EU) – GIP Justice – IUF), invitation to various countries as a visiting professor. Since the beginning of the career, mobilization of four consecutive research themes (international and European intellectual property law ; interaction between international and European law; Europeanisation of law; contextualized global legal pluralism). Current research: multidisciplinary and comparative approach of specific and complex border crossing phenomena.

Scientific Committee of the Programme:

  • Prof. J. Basedow, Law, University and Max Planck Institute of Hamburg
  • Prof. Ph. Billet, Law, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. F. Collart-Dutilleul, Law, University of Nantes
  • Prof.  M. Fallon, Law, UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve)
  • Research Dir. S. Grumbach, Computer Science/Mathematics, INRIA/IXXI Lyon
  • Prof. J.-L. Halpérin, Law history, Legal theory, ENS Paris
  • Prof. S. Harnay, Economics, University of Lorraine
  • Research Dir.  M.-A. Hermitte, Law, EHESS, Paris
  • Prof. J.-M. Jacquet, Law, Graduate Institute on international and Development Studies, Geneva
  • Prof. C. Lafer, Law, University of São Paulo
  • Prof. G. J. Martin, Law, University of Nice – Côte d’Azur, GREDEG, SFDE
  • Prof. U. Mayrhofer, Management, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. A. de Mestral, Law, University of McGill
  • Prof L. Obadia, Anthropology/Sociology, University of Lyon (Lumière – Lyon 2) – ANR

With the participation of:

  • European University Network « Law of Area of Freedom, Security and Justice »  (GDR CNRS ELSJ n° 3452)
  • Group of Research in Law, Economics and Management of the University of Nice – Sophia Antipolis (UMR CNRS GREDEG n° 7321)
  • Group of Research in International, European Law (CERIC) of the University of Aix-En-Provence (UMR CNRS DICE n° 7318)
  • Institut of Environnemental Law (IDE – Lyon – UMR CNRS n° 5600 – Environnement Ville et Société)
  • IXXI (Institut Rhônalpin des Systèmes Complexes) – ENS – Lyon
  • University of KU Leuven
  • University of São Paulo (USP)
  • University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  • UNICEUB (Brasilia)
  • Instituto Brasiliense de direito público (Brasilia)
  • Université de Carthage (Tunis)
  • Keio University (Tokyo)
  • Osaka University
  • University of Ritsumeikan (Kyoto)
  • UCL (Université Catholique de Louvain)
  • University of Washington (Seattle)
  • McGill University (Montréal)
  • University of Laval (Québec)
  • IDC Herzliya (Israël)
  • Università degli studi di Ferrara (Italy)