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Border Crossing Phenomena and the Law

IFITIS Research Programme (2016 – 2021) on « Full Movement beyond Control and the Law »

Presentation of the project (13 pages): 

Supported by:

  • Institut Universitaire de France (IUF) : Senior Project (2016/2021) located in the University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3 – Law Faculty – EDIEC/CREDIP)


Next Steps of the Research Programme:

  • Closed workshops in France – Circulation and PIL (Lyon – CREDIP/EDIEC), Data (Lyon – IXXI), Private Law (Lyon-EDP) – March-May 2017 http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22008
  • Closed workshop in Israel (Herzliya, June 2017)
  • Closed workshops in Brazil (São Paulo, Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro – September 2017)
  • Closed workshop in Italy (Ferrare – Cagliari, October 2017)
  • Closed workshop in France – Circulation of Persons (Lyon – CREDIP/EDIEC) – Oct. 2017
  • Closed workshops in US (Seattle) and Canada (Montréal – Québec) – (November/December 2017)
  • Closed workshop in Belgium (Louvain-la-Neuve, January March 2018)
  • Articles in progress (Law & Sciences: Data Flows beyond Control ; Law & Economics : Flows of Capital beyond Control  ; Law & Sociology: Full Movement beyond Control of  Children Conceived through Surrogacy Abroad ; Flows and European Union Law)
  • Books to be published: Operating Law in a Global Context, EE, June 2017  ; Global Phenomena and Social Sciences, Springer, Summer 2017
  • Book in progress: Movement and Law: an Epistemological Approach

Previous Steps of the Research Programme

  • 2017
    • Series of 5 articles on « Gouverner au-delà du contrôle » published on the conversation.com.fr (April 2017) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22255  
    • Article on: « La circulation des droits de propriété intellectuelle » in La propriété intellectuelle en dehors de ses frontières (dir. A. Favreau) – Larcier, to be published – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22089
    • Article on: « Cross-Border Movement and the Law: for an  Epistemological Approach » – Ritsumeikan Law Review (Japanese Law Journal) 34 (2017) 1-22
    • Annual doctoral study day (Lyon) “Multidisciplinary approach to phenomena: questioning across the law and the pure, human and social sciences » (56 participants) : http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=21597
    • Conference in Strasbourg (24 January 2017): « La recherche en droit, pour quoi faire ? Réflexion d’étape sur le projet IFITIS »
    • Closed workshops in Japan (13-18 January – Tokyo (Keio U.) – Osaka U. – Kyoto (Ritsumeikan U.) : http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=21826
    • Conference in Tunisia (Tunis, January 2017)
    • Article on: « L’échange des données dans l’ELSJ : l’hypothèse de la circulation totale au-delà du contrôle »  in C. Chevallier-Govers (dir.), L’échange des données dans l’espace de liberté, de sécurité et de justice de l’UE, Ed. mare & martin, to be published. http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22096
  • 2016
  • 2015

Summary of the Research:

The purpose of the IFITIS research is to bring into the law a new legal concept in order to deal with the phenomenon called « full movement beyond control ».

Movement : persons (individuals or legal entities), goods (tangible or intangible, and more widely, services and capital) move within territories and between different territories. This movement has reached unprecedented dimension in recent times (notably for migrant, data, waste, capital) : the speed, diversity and often significant volume of flow have reached levels as yet unparalleled. Full : the movement of persons, goods, services and capital has a « full » dimension in that it engages the attention and action of all the public and private operators (States, companies, citizens) at local, national or international level, who contribute to the phenomenon in whole or in part, voluntarily or involuntarily. Beyond control : movement has an « uncontrollable » dimension in the sense that in specific or short-term situations, like those of crisis, operators, and particularly those with responsibility for such movement, do not have full control over it.

This movement beyond control results in the creation of positive and negative, legal and illegal channels within a particular sphere, making it almost possible for the operators to work together to contain it. Full movement beyond control is experiencing a paradoxical surge. More often than not, its existence is denied by those who claim to have the power to control it. However, it is putting existing frontiers at risk while simultaneously creating new ones. It is often backed up by a public whose collective conscience is shaped by a hope that regaining control is still a possibility.

By employing a multidisciplinary (Social sciences – Sciences) and comparative (Europe, Brazil, Canada) approach, this research seeks to identify a new legal concept capable of specific legal treatment and competent to take in hand the particular issues raised by the phenomenon and the legitimate expectations it may create.

Presentation of the Research Programme Holder:

Jean-Sylvestre Bergé, Phd in Law (Paris 1995), lecturer (Paris 1996), professor (Rouen 1997, Nanterre 2001, Lyon 2011, IUF 2016),  author of several monographs and numerous articles (in French, English and Spanish), senior management positions for research groups (JE, EA and GDR CNRS), graduate schools (Normandy – Nanterre), national and international diplomas (Rouen, Nanterre and Lyon), as University vice-president (Lyon), director of the international relations department, pilot of four international research programmes (ACI (formerly ANR) – Jean Monnet (EU) – JCI Justice – IUF), invitation to various countries as a visiting professor. Since the beginning of the career, mobilization of four consecutive research themes (international and European intellectual property law ; interaction between international and European law; Europeanisation of law; contextualized global legal pluralism). Current research: multidisciplinary and comparative approach of specific and complex border crossing phenomena.

Scientific Committee of the Programme:

  • Prof. J. Basedow, Law, University and Max Planck Institute of Hamburg
  • Prof. Ph. Billet, Law, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. F. Collart-Dutilleul, Law, University of Nantes
  • Prof.  M. Fallon, Law, UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve)
  • Research Dir. S. Grumbach, Computer Science/Mathematics, INRIA/IXXI Lyon
  • Prof. J.-L. Halpérin, Law history, Legal theory, ENS Paris
  • Prof. S. Harnay, Economics, University of Lorraine
  • Research Dir.  M.-A. Hermitte, Law, EHESS, Paris
  • Prof. J.-M. Jacquet, Law, Graduate Institute on international and Development Studies, Geneva
  • Prof. C. Lafer, Law, University of São Paulo
  • Prof. U. Mayrhofer, Management, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. A. de Mestral, Law, University of McGill
  • Prof L. Obadia, Anthropology/Sociology, University of Lyon (Lumière – Lyon 2) – ANR

With the participation of:

  • IXXI (Institut Rhônalpin des Systèmes Complexes) – ENS – Lyon
  • European University Network « Law of Area of Freedom, Security and Justice »  (GDR CNRS ELSJ n° 3452)
  • Group of Research in Law, Economics and Management of the University of Nice – Sophia Antipolis (UMR CNRS GREDEG n° 7321)
  • Group of Research in International, European Law (CERIC) of the University of Aix-En-Provence (UMR CNRS DICE n° 7318)
  • Institut of Environnemental Law (IDE – Lyon – UMR CNRS n° 5600 – Environnement Ville et Société)
  • University of KU Leuven
  • University of São Paulo (USP)
  • University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  • UNICEUB (Brasilia)
  • Instituto Brasiliense de direito público (Brasilia)
  • University of Carthage (Tunis)
  • Keio University (Tokyo)
  • Osaka University
  • University of Ritsumeikan (Kyoto)
  • UCL (Université Catholique de Louvain)
  • University of Washington (Seattle)
  • University of Laval (Québec)