logo iuf


Border Crossing Phenomena and the Law

IFITIS Research Programme on « Full Movement beyond Control and the Law »

Supported by Institut Universitaire de France (IUF)  – Senior Project (2016/2021)

The purpose of the IFITIS research is to bring into the law a new legal approach in order to deal with phenomena provoked by humans and called « full movement beyond control » (persons, data, capital, waste).

General presentation of the original project (October 2015 – 13 pages): 

Temporary state of the research (November/December 2017):

Short outreach presentations (April-June-November-December 2017):


Next Steps of the Research Programme:

  • Closed workshop in France – « L’approche modale de la circulation : questionnement sur le droit des transports et ses évolutions » – Lyon (EA DCT – Université Lyon 2) – (March 2018) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23386
  • Closed workshop in UK (Oxford, March 2018) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23392
  • Closed workshop in Belgium (Louvain-la-Neuve, March 2018) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=23395
  • Workshop in France (Bayonne, CDRE, April 2018)
  • Conference in France – « L’illusion du contrôle : ces circulations  (migrants, données, capitaux, déchets…) qui échappent à notre contrôle » (Lyon 3 – BU – Cycle de conférences « Questions de société », 27 mars 2018)
  • International workshop in France – Technosphère et droit / Technosphere and the Law (Lyon, 29 March 2018) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22543
  • Annual doctoral study day in France – Technosphère et droit / Technosphere and the Law (Lyon, 30 March 2018) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22543
  • Workshop in France – Droit global/transnational – intervention sur le thème : « Droit global et transnational : les ressources du tandem méthodologique « contextualisation-circulation » » – Paris (ENS, May 2018)
  • Articles in progress (Law & Economics : Flows of Capital beyond Control ; Flows and European Law ; Flows and history of international law ; Flows and private international law (comparative approach Brazil – Europe)
  • Book in progress: « Les situations en mouvement et le droit » (Dalloz – coll. Méthodes du droit) – http://www.universitates.eu/jsberge/?p=22473

Previous Steps of the Research Programme

Summary of the Research:

The purpose of the IFITIS research is to bring into the law a new legal approach in order to deal with the phenomenon provoked by human and called « full movement beyond control ».

Movement : persons (individuals or legal entities), goods (tangible or intangible, and more widely, services and capital) move within territories and between different territories. This movement has reached unprecedented dimension in recent times (notably for migrant, data, waste, capital) : the speed, diversity and often significant volume of flow have reached levels as yet unparalleled. Full : the movement of persons, goods, services and capital has a « full » dimension in that it engages the attention and action of all the public and private operators (States, companies, citizens) at local, national or international level, who contribute to the phenomenon in whole or in part, voluntarily or involuntarily. Beyond control : movement has an « uncontrollable » dimension in the sense that in specific or short-term situations, like those of crisis, operators, and particularly those with responsibility for such movement, do not have full control over it.

This movement beyond control results in the creation of positive and negative, legal and illegal channels within a particular sphere, making it almost possible for the operators to work together to contain it. Full movement beyond control is experiencing a paradoxical surge. More often than not, its existence is denied by those who claim to have the power to control it. However, it is putting existing frontiers at risk while simultaneously creating new ones. It is often backed up by a public whose collective conscience is shaped by a hope that regaining control is still a possibility.

By employing a multidisciplinary (Social sciences – Sciences) and comparative (Europe, Brazil, Canada) approach, this research seeks to identify a new legal concept capable of specific legal treatment and competent to take in hand the particular issues raised by the phenomenon and the legitimate expectations it may create.

Presentation of the Research Programme Holder:

Jean-Sylvestre Bergé, Phd in Law (Paris 1995), lecturer (Paris 1996), professor (Rouen 1997, Nanterre 2001, Lyon 2011, IUF 2016),  author of several monographs and numerous articles (in French, English and Spanish), senior management positions for research groups (JE, EA and GDR CNRS), graduate schools (Normandy – Nanterre), national and international diplomas (Rouen, Nanterre and Lyon), as University vice-president (Lyon), director of the international relations department, pilot of four international research programmes (ACI (formerly ANR) – Jean Monnet (EU) – GIP Justice – IUF), invitation to various countries as a visiting professor. Since the beginning of the career, mobilization of four consecutive research themes (international and European intellectual property law ; interaction between international and European law; Europeanisation of law; contextualized global legal pluralism). Current research: multidisciplinary and comparative approach of specific and complex border crossing phenomena.

Scientific Committee of the Programme:

  • Prof. J. Basedow, Law, University and Max Planck Institute of Hamburg
  • Prof. Ph. Billet, Law, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. F. Collart-Dutilleul, Law, University of Nantes
  • Prof.  M. Fallon, Law, UCL (Louvain-la-Neuve)
  • Research Dir. S. Grumbach, Computer Science/Mathematics, INRIA/IXXI Lyon
  • Prof. J.-L. Halpérin, Law history, Legal theory, ENS Paris
  • Prof. S. Harnay, Economics, University of Lorraine
  • Research Dir.  M.-A. Hermitte, Law, EHESS, Paris
  • Prof. J.-M. Jacquet, Law, Graduate Institute on international and Development Studies, Geneva
  • Prof. C. Lafer, Law, University of São Paulo
  • Prof. G. J. Martin, Law, University of Nice – Côte d’Azur, GREDEG, SFDE
  • Prof. U. Mayrhofer, Management, University of Lyon (Jean Moulin – Lyon 3)
  • Prof. A. de Mestral, Law, University of McGill
  • Prof L. Obadia, Anthropology/Sociology, University of Lyon (Lumière – Lyon 2) – ANR

With the participation of:

  • IXXI (Institut Rhônalpin des Systèmes Complexes) – ENS – Lyon
  • European University Network « Law of Area of Freedom, Security and Justice »  (GDR CNRS ELSJ n° 3452)
  • Group of Research in Law, Economics and Management of the University of Nice – Sophia Antipolis (UMR CNRS GREDEG n° 7321)
  • Group of Research in International, European Law (CERIC) of the University of Aix-En-Provence (UMR CNRS DICE n° 7318)
  • Institut of Environnemental Law (IDE – Lyon – UMR CNRS n° 5600 – Environnement Ville et Société)
  • University of KU Leuven
  • University of São Paulo (USP)
  • University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ)
  • UNICEUB (Brasilia)
  • Instituto Brasiliense de direito público (Brasilia)
  • Université de Carthage (Tunis)
  • Keio University (Tokyo)
  • Osaka University
  • University of Ritsumeikan (Kyoto)
  • UCL (Université Catholique de Louvain)
  • University of Washington (Seattle)
  • University of Laval (Québec)
  • IDC Herzliya (Israël)
  • Università degli studi di Ferrara (Italy)